Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park is located in western Uganda. This is the largest national park of Uganda covering 3,480 sq km. Murchison Falls Conservation Area (MFCA) encompasses of Murchison Falls National Park, Bugungu and Karuma Falls Wildlife reserves. This is where the Nile River discharges down to become serene. Its banks are host crocodiles waterbucks, buffalos and hippos.

The vegetation in this area is woodland and savannah. Wildlife to see in this area includes: leopards, lions, giraffes, elephants, Uganda kobs, chimpanzees, hartebeests, Antelopes and bird species.

Game Drives

Game drives take place early in the morning and a tourist is able to see plenty of game. At Nyamsika Cliffs is where one can enjoy a picnic, the view and gaze at elephants and other wildlife on the green grassy hillsides and river below. You will enjoy the game drive when you are accompanied by a tour guide.

Excursions Taking Place on the Nile

There is a launch trip from Paraa to the foot of Murchison falls which takes about 3 hours. There are many crocodiles and hippos. Also elephants, waterbucks, buffaloes and birds like: the rare shoebill, kingfishers, ducks, fish eagles, cormorants and herons. There is also a boat trip that takes about 4-5hours from Delta where Victoria Nile engages into Lake Albert.

Peak of the Murchison Falls

Tourists have the chance to hike to the top of the hill from the boat landing and come close to the narrow gorge where the river falls.


Fishing is available in the river above and below the fall. Do bring your own fishing equipment if you’re interested in finishing. Examples of fish available in the river to catch are Nile perch, tiger fish etc

Nature Paths

Tourists have a chance to explore the wild on foot while in Murchison Falls Conservation area. There is a trail at Paraa winds throughout low hills, gullies and forest around the river. One can view birds, animals and plants closely. Nature walks happen at top of the falls, Kaniyo Pabidi and Rabongo Forest.

Rabongo Forest

Rabongo Forest Ecotourism Centre is located in an island of tropical river forest in the south-east of the conservation area. Savannah grasslands surround the forest and its 1:30 minutes drive from Paraa. With the help of a tour guide, one can explore primates (Red tailed monkeys, Black & white colored monkeys, Chimpanzees, birds, trees and medicinal plants. Camps and picnics can also happen by Wairingo River or in well equipped forest cottages.

Bird Watching

Bird Species commonly seen between Paraa Rest Camp and Ferry crossing are; Spotted Mourning Thrush, Vitelline Masked Weaver, Silver Bird, Bluff-bellied Warbler, Blue-napped Mousebird, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaverBlack-headed Gonolek, Green-winged Ptyilia, and Black-headed Batis, this is the best site for the localised White-rumped Seed-eater.

Common Nocturnal Species in the area include: Verreaux’s owls, Nightjars such as long tailed and Pennat-winged nightjar which usually is watched between March - September. Also available is the amazing standard-winged nightjar watched from November to February. Other bird species include: African Skimmer, White African fish eagle, long-toed plover, Gray Crowned crane, Goliath Heron and more.


Campsites are available at Top of the Murchison Falls, Rabongo Forest and Paraa, toilets or pit latrines/showers or bathing shelters are provided at these sites. Traditional and self-contained bandas are available at Paraa Rest Camp. Meals and beverages are offered. In addition, cottages are provided at Rabongo Eco-Tourism Centre. More luxurious accommodation is available at Paraa Lodge Safari Lodge, Sambiya River Lodge and Nile Safari Camp.

Additional information